The first known magician was Dedi. It is reported that he performed the cups and balls trick in ancient Egypt around 2700 BCE. Acetabularii performed the same trick in Rome somewhere around 50-300 CE.
In the Dark Ages, magic was associated with the occult and not used as entertainment, but by 1000 street performers made a living out of sleights of hand.
Join me again next week for more on the History of Magic.